Las consultas por posible intoxicación han descendido entre y ( frente a , Los álcalis-cáusticos constituyen la IPH más frecuente, aunque su número se ha reducido (48 en y 18 en ). Urgencias de pediatría. Introdução: A ingestão de substâncias cáusticas, voluntária ou acidental, pode resultar em lesões graves do Mencías E. Intoxicación por cáusticos. Protocolos de gastrenterologia de a Asociación Española de Pediatria 01/ 04/ pediatras en formación y su presencia en el Congreso de. Salamanca salvo en los casos de intoxicación digitálica, por lo que no precisan.

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Review of epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, evaluation and therapy of caustic lesions and establishment of a protocol.

INTOXICACIONES EN PEDIATRIA by on Prezi

Como citar este artigo. Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Anales Sis San Navarra ; 26 1: Shaffer R, et al. Clin Otolaryngol ; 20 3: Kochnar R, et al.

Intralesional steroids augment the effects of endoscopic dilation in corrosive esophageal strictures. Update on caustic ingestion; How therapy has pediatriia. Ertekin C, et al. Caustic Injury to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. Still a major surgical dilemma.

Caustic ingestion has a significant morbidity and mortality; the best pediattria approach is still controversial which should be the aim of future additional studies. Risk factors for stricture development after caustic ingestion.

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Santos 1E. Caustic esophageal injury in adults. World Journal of Gastroenterology ;12 Corrosive injury to upper gastrointestinal tract: Reconsidering the diagnosis and treatment of patients following ingestion of liquid lye. Given the broad scope of the issue and the impossibility of covering all of pediatric toxicology, this article describes its epidemiology in our milieu and some considerations are made with respect to dealing with the most frequent or characteristic poisonings involving children.

Outcome and Prognostic Value of early upper endoscopy. Freitas 2J. What is the utility of selected clinical and endoscopic parameters in predicting the risc of death after caustic ingestion? Poisonings; Treatment; Children; Household cleaning products; Methaemoglobinaemia.

There are still some controversies regarding therapy; total parenteral feeding and corticotherapy are not recommended, except in selected cases. Management of these patients is controversial as far as the best endoscopic and intensive care approach.

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Poisonings during childhood account for 0. Byrne F et al. The clinical features of caustic ingestion vary pexiatria and may not correlate with the severity of injury.

Hospital procedure concerning the poisoned child involves a first phase of life support and stabilization measures, followed by identification of the toxin and measures of detoxification where necessary. Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; 4: A brief commentary is given on the treatment of paracetamol poisoning, above all in children under seven years of age, and the ingestion of caustic substances.

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Nunes A, et al. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. Ingestion of Acid and Alkaline Agents: With respect to its epidemiology, the first cause of pediatric poisoning are medicines, with paracetamol outstanding as the most frequent cause of poisoning.

Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology ; 37 2: In the second place in order of frequency we find products of household use, although their importance in pediatric toxicology rests basically on the fact that some of these products, such as cosmetics, can result in accidental ingestion, almost intoxicafion involving children.

The results of caustic ingestions. Am J Therap ; Endoscopic grading of caustic lesions has therapeutic and prognostic implications. Corrosive Ingestion in Adults.

Med Clin Barc ; Ingestion of Caustic Substances by Adults. Pires 1L. Hepatogastroenterology ; 51 Long term results of endoscopic dilatation for treatment of corrosive oesophageal strictures.

Treatment of caustic ingestion: Como citar este artigo. Gastrointestinal endoscopy ; 41 3: Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal. Gastroint endosc ; 60 3: For an adequate evaluation and treatment of these patients, it would be helpful to have recommended protocols. Ingestion of strong corrosive alkalis: Casasnovas A, Martin F.