Thousands of Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) supporters converged on Durban’s King Zwelithini Stadium at the launch of the party’s election. President Zuma was the worst leader since , but the IFP could still save the a rapturous welcome at the launch of the IFP’s election manifesto. An injured Mangosuthu Buthelezi received a rapturous welcome at the launch of the IFP’s election manifesto.

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South Africa’s private 0214 has failed to increase employment in the past 20 years, the Economic Freedom Fighters said. Consequently, in KwaZulu-Natal in the ANC was able to cash in, substantially aided by the rise of local hero Jacob Zuma as national presidential candidate.

You are illiterate like Zuma, pupil told A parent is seething after a teacher allegedly told her child he reminded her of the president, who cannot count properly. While the IFP resorted to appeals to Zulu-ness during the transition, it quickly abandoned this after hoping to reach a larger audience.

The challenge for party leaders is to strike the right balance between democratic space and party discipline — a delicate balancing act irresolvable outside of specific cases.

Four parties still to comply: Skip to main content. The IFP has steadily lost electoral support since its zenith inwhen it came third nationally with Zulu Statesman, Cape Town: Central here has been the tendency to a personality cult around the figure of Buthelezi, closing down space for new leaders, new idea and now constituencies to emerge.

It is possible to have a national liberation movement led by a post-colonial traditionalist, if not an ethnic nationalist. The Buthelezi cult has given the IFP an authoritarian character that has led to repeated purges and defections over the last forty years, shrinking the talent pool, closing down space for innovation and new constituencies, and rendering the party incapable of adaption in changing times.

From an impressive 2, votes inthe IFP has shrunk to less than ,; and from leading KwaZulu-Natal maifesto ten years it is no longer even the official opposition.

Thousands attend IFP manifesto launch

While donning the colours of the ANC and including many former ANC leaders amongst its ranks, Inkatha also embraced aspects of Zulu culture and tradition. Taken together with public complaining manifestk a lack of resources, these reflect the decline of the IFP to the point that it is no longer the main competitor for the ANC in KwaZulu-Natal.


It is for your sake that we have laboured. This resistance also took an increasingly Zulu nationalist form, with mznifesto Zulu Mabifesto, who later admitted to being under direction from Buthelezi, calling for secession as the first democratic elections approached.

Buthelezi had ruptured his quadriceps tendon, the connective tissue that binds the muscles of the thigh to the kneecap, said Van der Merwe. When Buthelezi arrived at the stadium, he had to be helped up the stairs to the stage and when he delivered his speech he sat on a chair that was provided for him.

‘Inkatha Freedom Party: The Elephants Graveyard’ | Laurence Piper –

The main reason for this is a stifling internal organisational culture based on a personality cult around the party leader, Mangosuthu Buthelezi. We have done all we can to bequeath to this generation a legacy of integrity and righteous action. The key aspects of this are: Private sector has not created jobs: Lastly, and perhaps most obviously, the decline of the IFP bears testimony to the importance of internal organisational culture for party well-being, both in terms of strategic innovation and in terms of space for new leadership and new constituencies.

What this means is that while the IFP was good at retaining its traditional support, despite under-targeting these constituencies much in campaigning, it failed to attract new voters.

In terms of message, the IFP emphasised the same issues as many parties namely issues: It was discovered the following day, when he returned to Durban, that he had sustained a knee injury,” she said.

A key part of this power-struggle has always been the state as a source of coercive power in party conflicts, resources for campaigning, and patronage to secure support from key social actors — hence the heightened significance of election in winning control of the KwaZulu-Natal government for the ANC. Neither side conceded any ground, and both left the meeting feeling affronted. In it secured just 2. In moving from implication to lessons, the first one is, as with other homeland parties, the limit to social bases formed under homeland rule as an enduring form of popular mobilisation.


Debating Liberation Histories Today, Johannesburg: Help Center Find new research papers in: In making this case, this chapter will begin by outlining the history of the Inkatha Freedom Party, examine the election campaigning and surrounding politics, unpack the elections results and analysis, and explore the implications for the party and its future.

Despite these losses, the IFP has continued its general strategy intoincluding the same approach to campaigning it has embraced since As argued elsewhere, recognising that the demand for secession really reflected a desire for inclusion, the ANC successfully demobilised IFP militancy through a diplomatic politics of power sharing, and consequently political violence dissipated steadily after Streets outside the stadium were filled with busses and taxis bearing IFP colours and Buthelezi’s portrait.

Indeed, such was the growth of rural support for the ANC inthat the urban-rural divide has lost its significance for voting patterns in the province. He said officers would be promoted on their ability and skills, while their past performance would be continually appraised. More significant than the loss of 2.

View More View More. In total the ANC won nearly 1, more votes in KwaZulu-Natal, taking its total from 1, in to 2, in Relatedly, the rise of the ANC in KwaZulu-Natal, especially manifedto areas up north historically the stronghold of the IFP, reflects the greater openness of new voters to political choice — a reality also evident in the rise of the DA in Gauteng in election However, critical to understanding why the IFP lost this struggle are the subjective failings of a party unable to change with the times and, importantly, attract new and younger voters.

This chapter will describe and explain 214 decline of the IFP through electoral politics, the relationship of political party to the state and internal organisational maniifesto.